How to Survey Land Yourself
In this modern world, people are busy in their 24/7 jobs and find no time to construct a new home for themselves. For this, they rely on already constructed houses that may be either new or old. In such cases, people generally do not have an idea of the house they are going to buy. They just go along with the marketing tactics of the middle man or the owner. They should get the house surveyed by a professional building surveyor. Building surveys is an important process to be undergone while buying a new house. If not, it would result in costly repairs in future and leaves us to regret later.
Building surveys are a way of understanding the condition of a building. It is advisable for listed buildings, old buildings more that are over 75 years old and buildings that are reconstructed or remodelled.
Surveys includes all types of buildings like commercial, domestic and industrial. Specific tools are utilised for the survey of the buildings. These are just a few: Theodolite is a tool that sits on a tripod and measures angle's horizontally and vertically. Many theodolites have a computer and software attached to it so that the information is sent right to the office. Tape measure is carried to measure the distances. Stadia rod is used to measure and requires a man to hold it in place. Cinometer is used to measure angles, elevation, slope and incline of a hillside.
Thus, building surveys can bring to light the faults in the construction or remodelling of the building.
Surveying can cover many areas such as land, minerals, construction projects, antiques, houses and others. Hence, it is a profession, which encompasses many areas. When a person is interested to work as a chartered surveyor, he must possess some skills in common. Chartered surveyors can easily find employment in several fields.
Chartered building surveyors are those who offer advice on the construction and design of new buildings and the remodeling and redesign of old buildings. They may also be required to assess safety and health requirements and be engaged in the improvement and maintenance of buildings.
There are other kinds of surveyors also such as residential property surveyors who offer advice on development and sale of houses or apartments. Construction surveyors are engaged in the development of construction projects such as new houses or dams. Management and assessment of costs pertaining to building projects comes under the work area of the Quantity surveyors.
Environmental surveyors have to make sure that the specifications for construction and design does not affect the environment. They can also work towards making improvements towards energy conservation. Those who suggest ways and means to make optimal use of machinery and plants in an industry are called the technical surveyors. Land ready for redevelopment is reported after assessment by the geomatics or land surveyors. Mining and Minerals surveyors offer valuation services related to the development of mines, waste management sites, quarries etc.
As far as employers in the private sector are concerned, jobs are provided by property companies, construction companies, consultancies, large firms, estate agencies, housing associations, etc. Universities, hospital trusts, government departments and local authorities are some of the employers in the public sector. You can find jobs advertised in the website of Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS), Property Week, Surveyor, Estates Gazette etc.
You must become a member of the RICS, a professional body in order to become a chartered surveyor. For this, you must have a degree approved by the RICS. Once a person completes the RICS-accredited course, he/she has to become fully qualified by gaining more experience.
Chartered building surveyors have excellent prospects for career advancement. Surveyors can with a few years of experience progress to the senior managerial level. Surveyors can also become self-employed. There are excellent work opportunities for surveyors abroad.
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Although building surveyors tend to "customize" their surveys in order to meet the specific demands of their clients, all surveys can still be categorized into four types. These are:
Full Structural Survey
Main Elements Survey (also called the Major Defects Survey)
The cost of each survey depends upon the professional rate of the surveyor commissioned and the specifics requested by the client. The type of survey performed is dependent on the kind of result that the client desires to obtain. Thus, the client will get the most of his/her money if he/she is fully aware of why he/she requires the survey to begin with. Each type of survey is explained below:
There are times when the owner or the buyer of the property would need a report on a specific aspect of the property. This can be triggered by a bad experience or a bad reputation about the property. Specific Surveys or Reports are designed to meet such needs. With this type of survey, the surveyor has to consult with the owner or buyer with regards to the specific things that he/she wants to find out.
The training for a building surveyor usually involves a broad kind of advice on the improvement of new constructions and the rest of the architectural works. Building surveyors work on-site of a new project or play an important role in a large team performing the job of restoring and up keeping an older building or a historic architecture.
They are also required to submit testimony to courts when there is any violation in building rules and regulations. The main job is to make sure the completion of the building works on time. Other major responsibilities include providing advice about the budget amounts to the client, maintaining contractors, purchasing supply materials and various other project requirements.
Building surveyors are also hired for the purpose of analyzing the situation of a fault or damaged building. In this case, they should perform the job of analyzing the defects of the buildings and propose a building plan and the budget amount for repairing the building. The modern building surveyors should have the knowledge about the recent advanced energy efficient technology and the impacts caused by the construction of new building on the environment and society.
Several institutes offer several approved corresponding qualifications. Some of those include Chartered Institute of Housing, Institute of Revenues, Rating and valuation, Civil Engineers Surveyors Institution, Building Engineers Association and Royal Town Institute. Few surveyors join multiple institutions. The persons who are can apply for the license in building surveying includes the building surveyor, assistant building surveyor and the building surveying technician.
The application for the license must be provided in the approved form and should mention the required license level. It should also include the license fee and application fee details, identity of the applicants and finally the approved certificate of the candidate. The application must be submitted to the BSA for receiving the license. The license for building surveyors expire after one year.