How to Survey Land Yourself
Building surveys come in lots of different shapes and sizes and as you would expect come with different price tags, reflecting the amount of work and detail involved as well as the qualifications of the person undertaking the survey. This article focuses on the types of survey, rather than who undertakes them although the latter is equally, if not more important if it is to be money well spent.
Surveys tend to fall into four main types, but many practitioners will tailor their reports to suit their own style of writing and incorporate what they feel are the most important aspects. The exception to this is the RICS Homebuyer report that has pre-determined headings and a set format, although even that can be embellished a little if the writer so chooses. In my view the most important aspect of a survey is; does it give the level of information and detail that a purchaser is expecting and looking for? Some will and some won't!
Specific Survey - Sometimes, a previous 'bad' experience or personal knowledge of the type of property or locality will give a buyer concern over one or more particular elements of the building. In these circumstances a report can be submitted which deals specifically with that/those parts.
I would advise that if you are planning on appointing a surveyor to undertake a survey on your behalf, you discuss your requirements in detail with them to ensure that you are offered the survey that best suits your needs.
Surveying can cover many areas such as land, minerals, construction projects, antiques, houses and others. Hence, it is a profession, which encompasses many areas. When a person is interested to work as a chartered surveyor, he must possess some skills in common. Chartered surveyors can easily find employment in several fields.
Chartered building surveyors are those who offer advice on the construction and design of new buildings and the remodeling and redesign of old buildings. They may also be required to assess safety and health requirements and be engaged in the improvement and maintenance of buildings.
There are other kinds of surveyors also such as residential property surveyors who offer advice on development and sale of houses or apartments. Construction surveyors are engaged in the development of construction projects such as new houses or dams. Management and assessment of costs pertaining to building projects comes under the work area of the Quantity surveyors.
Environmental surveyors have to make sure that the specifications for construction and design does not affect the environment. They can also work towards making improvements towards energy conservation. Those who suggest ways and means to make optimal use of machinery and plants in an industry are called the technical surveyors. Land ready for redevelopment is reported after assessment by the geomatics or land surveyors. Mining and Minerals surveyors offer valuation services related to the development of mines, waste management sites, quarries etc.
As far as employers in the private sector are concerned, jobs are provided by property companies, construction companies, consultancies, large firms, estate agencies, housing associations, etc. Universities, hospital trusts, government departments and local authorities are some of the employers in the public sector. You can find jobs advertised in the website of Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS), Property Week, Surveyor, Estates Gazette etc.
You must become a member of the RICS, a professional body in order to become a chartered surveyor. For this, you must have a degree approved by the RICS. Once a person completes the RICS-accredited course, he/she has to become fully qualified by gaining more experience.
Chartered building surveyors have excellent prospects for career advancement. Surveyors can with a few years of experience progress to the senior managerial level. Surveyors can also become self-employed. There are excellent work opportunities for surveyors abroad.
Types of Building SurveysBuilding Surveyors
The training for a building surveyor usually involves a broad kind of advice on the improvement of new constructions and the rest of the architectural works. Building surveyors work on-site of a new project or play an important role in a large team performing the job of restoring and up keeping an older building or a historic architecture.
They are also required to submit testimony to courts when there is any violation in building rules and regulations. The main job is to make sure the completion of the building works on time. Other major responsibilities include providing advice about the budget amounts to the client, maintaining contractors, purchasing supply materials and various other project requirements.
Building surveyors are also hired for the purpose of analyzing the situation of a fault or damaged building. In this case, they should perform the job of analyzing the defects of the buildings and propose a building plan and the budget amount for repairing the building. The modern building surveyors should have the knowledge about the recent advanced energy efficient technology and the impacts caused by the construction of new building on the environment and society.
Several institutes offer several approved corresponding qualifications. Some of those include Chartered Institute of Housing, Institute of Revenues, Rating and valuation, Civil Engineers Surveyors Institution, Building Engineers Association and Royal Town Institute. Few surveyors join multiple institutions. The persons who are can apply for the license in building surveying includes the building surveyor, assistant building surveyor and the building surveying technician.
The application for the license must be provided in the approved form and should mention the required license level. It should also include the license fee and application fee details, identity of the applicants and finally the approved certificate of the candidate. The application must be submitted to the BSA for receiving the license. The license for building surveyors expire after one year.
Some older buildings, ones that are nearing the century mark, need to have building surveying completed on them to ensure that they are up to code. This can be even truer if the building in question has gone through many renovations or has had many additions to it over the years. This type of survey will require building survey equipment that is specific to this type of measurement.
A thorough inspection of buildings is done by a building surveyor. Their main function is to conduct a visual and more in depth survey on the building in question. In some cases, a visual inspection is all that is required to judge if further surveys are needed. If there seem to be some issues, a more in depth survey may be required to test the soundness of the foundation and other problems that may render a building unsafe.
Another survey should be completed after the foundation is completed to make sure it is up to code. Then the rest of the construction can be completed. Once this is done, the surveyor will conduct one final survey to make sure there was no damage to the foundation or structure during construction that would render the home unsafe.
It is important that homeowners take advantage of these types of surveys when building a new home. The building survey equipment that is being used will give the homeowner peace of mind that their home is safe and sound. Any insurance claims on damaged structures of any type will require building surveying.