Types of Building Surveys
Land surveys are very important if you own or are considering owning any land. They tell you exactly where the boundaries of your land are and protect you from any future land ownership disputes with your neighbors!
So you know that you need a land survey, but how do you go about getting one done?
- Speak to your local town council or look online for free access to property records and land surveys. Make a copy of the maps and use those when surveying your land. Also get hold of any other documents that could be of help - including the property deed.
- Continue onwards until you have completed the full perimeter of your property and made note of all the markers. You will now have surveyed your land and know where the property boundaries are.
- If you are trying to solve any legal disputes then you should always consult a licensed land surveyor.
- Only licensed land surveyors are permitted to perform legally standing land surveys.
Surveying can cover many areas such as land, minerals, construction projects, antiques, houses and others. Hence, it is a profession, which encompasses many areas. When a person is interested to work as a chartered surveyor, he must possess some skills in common. Chartered surveyors can easily find employment in several fields.
Chartered building surveyors are those who offer advice on the construction and design of new buildings and the remodeling and redesign of old buildings. They may also be required to assess safety and health requirements and be engaged in the improvement and maintenance of buildings.
There are other kinds of surveyors also such as residential property surveyors who offer advice on development and sale of houses or apartments. Construction surveyors are engaged in the development of construction projects such as new houses or dams. Management and assessment of costs pertaining to building projects comes under the work area of the Quantity surveyors.
Environmental surveyors have to make sure that the specifications for construction and design does not affect the environment. They can also work towards making improvements towards energy conservation. Those who suggest ways and means to make optimal use of machinery and plants in an industry are called the technical surveyors. Land ready for redevelopment is reported after assessment by the geomatics or land surveyors. Mining and Minerals surveyors offer valuation services related to the development of mines, waste management sites, quarries etc.
As far as employers in the private sector are concerned, jobs are provided by property companies, construction companies, consultancies, large firms, estate agencies, housing associations, etc. Universities, hospital trusts, government departments and local authorities are some of the employers in the public sector. You can find jobs advertised in the website of Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS), Property Week, Surveyor, Estates Gazette etc.
You must become a member of the RICS, a professional body in order to become a chartered surveyor. For this, you must have a degree approved by the RICS. Once a person completes the RICS-accredited course, he/she has to become fully qualified by gaining more experience.
Chartered building surveyors have excellent prospects for career advancement. Surveyors can with a few years of experience progress to the senior managerial level. Surveyors can also become self-employed. There are excellent work opportunities for surveyors abroad.
Types of Building SurveysBuilding Surveyors
Some older buildings, ones that are nearing the century mark, need to have building surveying completed on them to ensure that they are up to code. This can be even truer if the building in question has gone through many renovations or has had many additions to it over the years. This type of survey will require building survey equipment that is specific to this type of measurement.
A thorough inspection of buildings is done by a building surveyor. Their main function is to conduct a visual and more in depth survey on the building in question. In some cases, a visual inspection is all that is required to judge if further surveys are needed. If there seem to be some issues, a more in depth survey may be required to test the soundness of the foundation and other problems that may render a building unsafe.
Another survey should be completed after the foundation is completed to make sure it is up to code. Then the rest of the construction can be completed. Once this is done, the surveyor will conduct one final survey to make sure there was no damage to the foundation or structure during construction that would render the home unsafe.
It is important that homeowners take advantage of these types of surveys when building a new home. The building survey equipment that is being used will give the homeowner peace of mind that their home is safe and sound. Any insurance claims on damaged structures of any type will require building surveying.
A career within the land and building surveying sector can be quite lucrative. As a surveyor your role will be to oversee the development and design of land and new buildings. You will also be called in to maintain and restore existing developments. The role of a Land and building surveyor means you will need to be able to cover a wide range of properties and developments at various stages of construction and development.
To embark on a career in land and building surveying, you will need to undertake a four year degree program in surveying technology, or on site surveying. Prior to starting the degree, or during the degree, you will normally choose if you wish to work within the land surveying sector, or the building surveying sector. The degree program will cover areas such as applied mathematics, physics, science, computing, engineering, management and law. You will most likely also cover areas such as surveying and information systems, cadastral studies, and geodesy. You will also be expected to attend field excursions and survey camps, where you will record data using a variety of devices. On your return from the excursions and camps, you will be required to accurately log the data into a computer software program. The computer can then map out the area in two and three dimensions. Following graduation you will generally be expected to undertake an internship program, in order to gain more experience, after which you can apply for better paid positions.
The role of a building surveyor
As a building surveyor you will be expected to interpret building laws, and check if building plans comply with local building regulations. Your job role will include interacting with architects, builders (including cranetechs) and engineers, in order to ensure buildings are designed and constructed within building legislation law and technical codes. You should be able to accurately diagnose any possible design issues, or problematic construction materials or techniques, such as cranes (including truck mounted & marine cranes). You will also be expected to survey the building at various stages during its development, from its foundation stage through to its completion.